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Binding of amyloid beta-peptide to ganglioside micelles is dependent on histidine-13

Abstract : The amyloid {beta}-peptide A{beta} is a major component of plaques in Alzheimer‘s disease, and formation of senile plaques has been suggested to originate from regions of neuronal membrane rich in gangliosides. Here we demonstrate using NMR on 15}N-labelled A{beta}(1-40) and A{beta}(1-42) that the interaction with ganglioside GM1 micelles is localised to the N-terminal region of the peptide, particularly residues His13 to Leu17, which become more helical when bound. The sialic acid residue of the ganglioside headgroup is important for determining the nature of the conformational change. The isolated pentasaccharide headgroup of GM1 is not bound, suggesting the need for a polyanionic surface. Binding to heparin confirms this suggestion, since binding is of similar affinity but does not produce the same conformational changes in the peptide. A comparison of A{beta}(1-40) and A{beta}(1-42) indicates that binding to GM1 is not related to oligomerisation, which occurs at the C-terminal end. These results imply that binding to ganglioside micelles causes a transition from random coil to helical in the N-terminal region, leaving the C-terminal region unstructured.
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Mike P Williamson, Yu Suzuki, Nathan T Bourne, Tetsuo Asakura. Binding of amyloid beta-peptide to ganglioside micelles is dependent on histidine-13. Biochemical Journal, Portland Press, 2006, 397 (3), pp.483-490. ⟨10.1042/BJ20060293⟩. ⟨hal-00478540⟩

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