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Mais où est donc le sens ? Pour une linguistique symétrique

Abstract : In this paper, I propose to give a sociocognitive answer to a question raised by the semantic externalism hypothesis, which I sum up as follows : where is meaning ? This question gives rise to others : is human linguistic activity localized somewhere ? and if it is so case : is linguistics itself localized somewhere, i.e. closed into disciplinary boundaries, and do linguists have to consider linguistic phenonemons only by means of linguistic tools only, or may they use non linguistic theories and instruments ? In other words, is linguistic science only a linguistic practice ? I will first show that the externalist hypothesis in linguistic science is not a recent one, by describing theories of meaning which may be considered as externalist proposals (Bakhtin's theory of contextual meaning, Pêcheux's marxist discursive semantics and recent works in the field of social cognition, especially Varela's enactivism). Then I will explain why linguists have, according to me, to give up the old cartesian binary way of thinking language and meaning (the « vs » way : in vs out), to take up a scalar conception which supposes that there is no gap between internal and external datas of linguistic activity (the « - » way : in-out). Following Clark's active externalism, Sinha's mediated mind and Latour's interobjectivity, I will at last propose a renewed version of the concept of prediscursive frames, which permits, as part of a symmetrical linguistics, to account of the « - » way of thinking linguistic activity.
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Contributor : Marie-Anne Paveau <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 28, 2010 - 3:16:07 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 10:21:20 AM
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Marie-Anne Paveau. Mais où est donc le sens ? Pour une linguistique symétrique. Res per nomen 2, May 2009, Reims, France. pp.21-31. ⟨hal-00477257⟩

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