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A scenario of mitochondrial genome evolution in maize based on rearrangement events

Abstract : Background Despite their monophyletic origin, animal and plant mitochondrial genomes have been described as exhibiting different modes of evolution. Indeed, plant mitochondrial genomes feature a larger size, a lower mutation rate and more rearrangements than their animal counterparts. Gene order variation in animal mitochondrial genomes is often described as being due to translocation and inversion events, but tandem duplication followed by loss has also been proposed as an alternative process. In plant mitochondrial genomes, at the species level, gene shuffling and duplicate occurrence are such that no clear phylogeny has ever been portrayed, when considering genome structure variation. Results In this study we analyzed the whole sequences of eight mitochondrial genomes from maize and teosintes in order to comprehend the events that led to their structural features, i.e. gene order and duplicates. We suggest a tandem duplication model similar to the one described in animals, except that some duplicates can remain. This model enabled us to develop a manual method to deal with duplicates, a recurrent problem in rearrangement analyses. The phylogenetic tree based exclusively based on rearrangement and duplication events is congruent with the tree based on sequence polymorphism, validating our evolution model. Conclusions This study suggests more similarity than usually reported between plant and animal mitochondrial genomes in their mode of evolution. Further work will consist in developing new tools in order to automatically look for signatures of tandem duplication events in other plant mitogenomes and evaluate the occurrence of this process on a larger scale.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00468454
Contributor : Anne-Gestion Labo Duputié <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 30, 2010 - 7:49:58 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 1, 2021 - 11:06:02 AM

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Aude Darracq, Jean-Stéphane Varré, Pascal Touzet. A scenario of mitochondrial genome evolution in maize based on rearrangement events. BMC Genomics, BioMed Central, 2010, 11, pp.233. ⟨10.1186/1471-2164-11-233⟩. ⟨hal-00468454⟩

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