Latest Developments in Suspension and Liquid Precursor Thermal Spraying

Abstract : The interest to manufacture onto large surfaces thick (i.e., 10-20 lm, average thickness) finely structured or nanostructured layers is increasingly growing since the past 10 years. This explains the interest for suspension thermal spraying (STS) and solution precursor thermal spraying (SPTS), both allowing manufacturing finely structured layers of thicknesses varying between a few micrometers up to a few hundreds of micrometers. STS aims at processing a suspension of sub-micrometer-sized or even nanometer- sized solid particles dispersed in a liquid phase. The liquid phase permits the injection of particles in the thermal flow (i.e., due to their size, a carrier gas cannot play this role). SPTS aims at processing a solution of precursors under the same conditions. Upon evaporation of the liquid phase, the precursor concentration increases until precipitation, pyrolysis, and melting of small droplets occur. Compared to conventional thermal spray routes, STS and SPTS are by far more complex because fragmentation and vaporization of the liquid control the coating build-up mechanisms. Numerous studies are still necessary to reach a better understanding of the involved phenomena and to further develop the technology, among which are injection systems, suspension and solution optimizations, spray kinematics, etc. This review presents some recent developments and our present knowledge in this field together with the available tools implemented to characterize the plasma-liquid interaction and the coating formation.
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Contributor : Martine Segear <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 29, 2010 - 2:00:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 14, 2018 - 4:29:36 PM

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Pierre Fauchais, Ghislain Montavon. Latest Developments in Suspension and Liquid Precursor Thermal Spraying. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, ASM International/Springer, 2010, 19, pp.226-239. ⟨10.1007/s11666-009-9446-7⟩. ⟨hal-00451592⟩



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