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Evidence for a significant contribution of wood burning aerosols to PM2.5 during the winter season in Paris, France

Abstract : Although particulate emissions from residential wood burning have become a subject of great scientific concern for a few years, data related to their impact on the air quality of large European urban centres are still missing. In the present study, we investigated the chemical and optical properties of fine (PM2.5). carbonaceous aerosols in Paris during the 2005 winter season in order to track the presence of wood burning emissions in such a large city. The use of a seven wavelength Aethalometer allowed us to document shortwave light absorption by brown-carbon-containing organic aerosols of biomass burning origin. In particular, a well-marked diurnal pattern of the spectral dependence of light absorption, with maxima during the night, could be observed every day of the campaign and attributed to wood burning emissions. Relatively high absorption Angstrom exponents and WSOC/OC ratios (respectively 1.25 and 0.35 on average for the period of study) also indicated the importance of biomass burning aerosols in the Paris atmosphere in winter. Finally, a rough estimate of the contribution of wood burning carbonaceous aerosols to PM2.5 could be achieved. This contribution was found to be as high as 20 +/- 10% on average at the Paris background site investigated here. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00431145
Contributor : Laurence Besson <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 10, 2009 - 5:47:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 18, 2021 - 11:50:11 AM

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O. Favez, H. Cachier, J. Sciare, R. Sarda-Esteve, L. Martinon. Evidence for a significant contribution of wood burning aerosols to PM2.5 during the winter season in Paris, France. Atmospheric environment, Elsevier, 2009, 43 (22-23), pp.3640-3644. ⟨10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.04.035⟩. ⟨hal-00431145⟩

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