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Capillary Condensation in Confined Media

Abstract : We review here the physics of capillary condensation of liquids in confined media, with a special regard to the application in nanotechnologies. The thermodynamics of capillary condensation and thin film adsorption are first exposed along with all the relevant notions. The focus is then shifted to the modelling of capillary forces, to their measurements techniques (including SFA, AFM and crack tips) and to their influence on AFM imaging techniques as well as on the static and dynamic friction properties of solids (including granular heaps and sliding nanocontacts). A great attention is spent in investigating the delicate role of the surface roughness and all the difficulties involved in the reduction of the probe size to nanometric dimensions. Another major consequence of capillary condensation in nanosystems is the activation of several chemical and corrosive processes that can significantly alter the surface properties, such as dissolution/redeposition of solid materials and stress-corrosion crack propagation.
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Contributor : Matteo Ciccotti <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 19, 2009 - 2:19:37 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 2, 2020 - 10:58:02 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Tuesday, June 15, 2010 - 10:48:49 PM


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  • HAL Id : hal-00424951, version 1
  • ARXIV : 0910.4626



Elisabeth Charlaix, Matteo Ciccotti. Capillary Condensation in Confined Media. 2009. ⟨hal-00424951⟩



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