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Speech recognition in a smart home: some experiments for telemonitoring

Michel Vacher 1, * Noe Guirand 1 Jean-François Serignat 1 Anthony Fleury 2, * Norbert Noury 2
* Corresponding author
2 AFIRM
TIMC-IMAG - Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications, Grenoble - UMR 5525
Abstract : Because of the aging of the population, low-cost solutions are required to help people with loss of autonomy staying at home rather than in public health centers. One solution is to assist human operators with smart information systems. In this case, position and physiologic sensors already give important information, but there are few studies about the utility of sound in patient's habitation. However, sound classification and speech recognition may greatly increase the versatility of such a system: this will be provided by detecting short sentences or words that could characterize a distress situation for the patient. Moreover, analysis and classification of sounds emitted in patient's habitation may be useful for patient's activity monitoring. In this paper, we present a global speech and sound recognition system that can be set-up in a flat. Eight microphones were placed in the Health Smart Home of Grenoble (named HIS, a real living flat of 47m2) to automatically analyze and classify different sounds and speech utterances (e.g.: normal or distress French sentences). Sounds are clustered in eight classes but this aspect is not discussed in this paper. For speech signals, an input utterance is recognized and a subsequent process classifies it in normal or distress, by analysing the presence of distress keywords. An experimental protocol was defined and then this system has been evaluated in uncontrolled conditions in which heterogeneous speakers were asked to utter predetermined sentences in the HIS. The results of this experiment, where ten subjects were involved, are presented. The Global Error Rate was 15.6%. Moreover, noise suppression techniques were incorporated in the speech and sound recognition system in order to suppress the noise emitted by known sources like TV or radio. An experimental protocol was defined and tested by four speakers in real conditions inside a room. Finally, we discuss the results of this experiment as a function of the noise source: speech or music.
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  • HAL Id : hal-00422573, version 1

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Michel Vacher, Noe Guirand, Jean-François Serignat, Anthony Fleury, Norbert Noury. Speech recognition in a smart home: some experiments for telemonitoring. SPED 2009, Jun 2009, Constanţa, Romania. pp. 171-179. ⟨hal-00422573⟩

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