Global sensitivity analysis in welding simulations -- what are the material data you really need ?

Abstract : In this paper, the Sensitivity Analysis methodology is applied to numerical welding simulation in order to rank the importance of input variables on the outputs of the code like distorsions or residual stresses. The numerical welding simulation uses the Finite Element Method, with a thermal computation followed by a mechanical one. Classically, a Local Sensitivity Analysis is performed, hence the validity of the results is limited to the neighborhood of a nominal point, and cross effects cannot be detected. This study implements a Global Sensitivity Analysis which allows to screen the whole material space of the steel family mechanical properties. A set of inputs of the mechanical model --material properties that are temperature-dependent-- is generated with the help of Latin Hypercube Sampling. The same welding simulation is performed with each sampling element as input data. Then, output statistical processing allows us to classify the relative input influences by means of different sensitivity indices estimates. Two different welding configurations are studied. Considering their major differences, they give a different ranking of inputs, but both of them show that only a few parameters are responsible of the variability of the outputs. To prove it a posteriori for the first configuration, two series of computations are performed for a complete sample and for its reduced copy --where all the secondary parameters are set to mean values. They match perfectly, showing a substantial economy can be done by giving to the rest of the inputs mean values. Sensitivity analysis has then provided answers to what we consider one of the probable frequently asked questions regarding welding simulation: for a given welding configuration, which properties must be measured with a good accuracy and which ones can be simply extrapolated or taken from a similar material? That leads us to propose a comprehensive methodology for welding simulations including four sequential steps: a problem characterization, a sensitivity analysis, an experimental campaign, simulations.
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Soumis le : vendredi 25 septembre 2009 - 15:26:58
Dernière modification le : lundi 1 octobre 2018 - 16:03:24
Archivage à long terme le : mardi 15 juin 2010 - 20:12:03

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Olivier Asserin, Alexandre Loredo, Matthieu Petelet, Bertrand Iooss. Global sensitivity analysis in welding simulations -- what are the material data you really need ?. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, Elsevier, 2011, 47 (9), pp.1004-1016. ⟨10.1016/j.finel.2011.03.016⟩. ⟨hal-00419162⟩

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