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How many bits may fit in a single magnetic dot? XMCD-PEEM evidences the switching of Néel caps inside Bloch domain walls

Abstract : Data storage relies on the handling of two states, called bits. The market of mass storage is currently still dominated by magnetic technology, hard disk drives for the broad public and tapes for massive archiving. In these devices each bit is stored in the form of the direction of magnetization of nanosized magnetic domains, i.e. areas of ferromagnetic materials displaying a uniform magnetization. While miniaturization is the conventional way to fuel the continuous increase of device density, disruptive solutions are also sought. To these pertain in recent years many fundamental studies no longer considering the magnetic domains themselves, but the manipulation of the domain walls (DWs) that separate such domains. Concepts of storage and logic based on the propagation of DWs along lithographically-patterned stripes have been patented, while many fundamental aspects of DW propagation deeply related to condensed matter physics are still hotly debated. If one now considers magnetic dots of submicrometer dimensions, the magnetization has a tendency to curl along the outer edges of the nanostructure to close its magnetic flux and thereby reduce its magnetostatic energy. Then both domains and DWs of well-defined geometries arise, whose combined manipulation has been proposed as a multilevel magnetic storage scheme...
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 2:34:46 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:52:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-00418579, version 2


Fabien Cheynis, Aurélien Masseboeuf, Olivier Fruchart, Nicolas Rougemaille, Jean-Christophe Toussaint, et al.. How many bits may fit in a single magnetic dot? XMCD-PEEM evidences the switching of Néel caps inside Bloch domain walls. 2009, pp.54-55. ⟨hal-00418579v2⟩



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