Weak pattern matching in colored graphs: Minimizing the number of connected components

Abstract : In the context of metabolic network analysis, Lacroix et al.11 introduced the problem of finding occurrences of motifs in vertex-colored graphs, where a motif is a multiset of colors and an occurrence of a motif is a subset of connected vertices which are colored by all colors of the motif. We consider in this paper the above-mentioned problem in one of its natural optimization forms, referred hereafter as the Min-CC problem: Find an occurrence of a motif in a vertex-colored graph, called the target graph, that induces a minimum number of connected components. Our results can be summarized as follows. We prove the Min-CC problem to be APX–hard even in the extremal case where the motif is a set and the target graph is a path. We complement this result by giving a polynomial-time algorithm in case the motif is built upon a fixed number of colors and the target graph is a path. Also, extending recent research8 , we prove the Min- CC problem to be fixed-parameter tractable when parameterized by the size of the motif, and we give a faster algorithm in case the target graph is a tree. Furthermore, we prove the Min-CC problem for trees not to be approximable within ratio c log n for some constant c > 0, where n is the order of the target graph, and to be W[2]–hard when parameterized by the number of connected components in the occurrence of the motif. Finally, we give an exact efficient exponential-time algorithm for the Min-CC problem in case the target graph is a tree.
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Communication dans un congrès
10th Italian Conference on Theoretical Computer Science (ICTCS 2007), 2007, Rome, Italy. World-Scientific Conference Proceedings, pp.27-38, 2007, World-Scientific Conference Proceedings
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Riccardo Dondi, Guillaume Fertin, Stéphane Vialette. Weak pattern matching in colored graphs: Minimizing the number of connected components. 10th Italian Conference on Theoretical Computer Science (ICTCS 2007), 2007, Rome, Italy. World-Scientific Conference Proceedings, pp.27-38, 2007, World-Scientific Conference Proceedings. 〈hal-00417910〉

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