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L'histoire sous forme graphique en arabe, persan et turc ottoman. Origine et fonction

Abstract : Writing history in the Islamic world involves both a literary aspect and a material presentation of the texts. One finds in the Muslim world historical chronicles presenting data in the form of tables (jadwal; taqwīm) or or other synthetic graphic forms, which demonstrates the author's intention to carry out a selection among the data. A literature which could be qualified as “para-historical” (geographical books, biographic dictionaries, chancellery treatises) also uses graphic modes. Il seems that presentation of “history in images” mainlely appears from the 14th century onwards, until the 19th century. In this article the author examines the origins and motivations which led historians to adopt this synthetic presentation of data: needs of the readers, a fast acquiring of historical culture, pegagogical an/or political function? The study of Islamic historiography presented under this form is a totally neew field of research, which as far as we currently know raises more questions than it answers. As a form of introduction, the author analyses exemples of this kind of presentation of data in other fields than history (astronomy, medicine). Although it is posssible that the historians were influenced by this tradition used in sciences, it may also be that the origins of this use are older than Islam.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 11, 2009 - 2:25:47 PM
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Denise Aigle. L'histoire sous forme graphique en arabe, persan et turc ottoman. Origine et fonction. Bulletin d'Etudes Orientales, Institut Français du Proche-Orient (IFPO), 2008, LVIII, pp.11-49. ⟨hal-00415898⟩

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