Bottom up effects on bacterioplankton growth and composition during summer-autumn transition in the open NW Mediterranean Sea

Abstract : We examined the vertical and temporal dynamics of nutrients, ectoenzymatic activities under late summer-fall transition period (September–October 2004) in NW Mediterranean Sea in relation to temporal change in factors limiting bacterial production. The depth of the mixed layer (12.8±5.3 m) was extremely stable until the onset of the destratification period after 11 October, creating a zone where diffusion of nutrient from the much deeper phosphacline (69±12 m) and nitracline (50±8 m) was probably strongly limited. However after 1st October, a shallowing of nutriclines occured, particularly marked for nitracline. Hence, the nitrate to phosphate ratio within the mixed layer, although submitted to a high short term variability, shifted the last week of the cruise from 1.1±1.2 to 4.6±3.8, and nitrate increased by a factor 2 (0.092±0.049 μM). A corresponding switch from more than one limitation (PN) to P-only limitation of bacterial production was observed during the month as detected by enrichment bioassays. Differences in the identity of the limiting nutrient in surface (5 m: N and P at the beginning, strictly P at the end of the study) versus 80 m (labile carbon) influence greatly bacterial community structure shift between these two layers. The two communities (5 and 80 m) reacted rapidly (24 h) to changes in nutrient concentrations by drastic modification of total and active population assemblages resulting in changes in activity. For bacterial production values less than 10 ng C l−1 h−1 (associated to deeper layers), aminopeptidase and lipase exhibited higher activity relative to production whereas phosphatase varied in the same proportions than BP on the range of activities tested. Our results illustrate the effect of bottom-up control on bacterial community structure and activities in the epipelagic NW Mediterranean Sea.
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France van Wambeke, J.-F. Ghiglione, J. Nedoma, G. Mével, Patrick Raimbault. Bottom up effects on bacterioplankton growth and composition during summer-autumn transition in the open NW Mediterranean Sea. Biogeosciences, European Geosciences Union, 2009, 6 (4), pp.705-720. ⟨10.5194/bg-6-705-2009⟩. ⟨hal-00412253⟩

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