Toxicity to the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum of anti-chymotrypsin isoforms and fragments of Bowman-Birk protease inhibitors from pea seeds.

Abstract : Aphids feed on a protein-poor diet and are insensitive to several serine protease inhibitors. However, among the Bowman-Birk family of plant trypsin inhibitors (BBI), some members display significant toxicity to the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. A BBI isoform purified from pea seeds (PsTI-2) displays an IC50 of 41 microM and a LC50 of 48 microM at 7 days. Our data show that the chymotrypsin-directed active site from these bifunctional inhibitors is responsible for this activity, and that artificial cyclic peptides bearing the Bowman-Birk anti-chymotrypsin head induce much greater toxicity and growth inhibition than their anti-trypsin counterparts. The toxic syndrome included a rapid behavioural response of aphids on diets containing the toxic peptides, with induced restlessness after only 1 h of exposure to the chymotrypsin inhibitor. Nevertheless, chymotrypsin activity was not detected in aphid guts, using two chromogenic chymotrypsin substrates, and the physiological target of the chymotrypsin inhibitor remains unknown. These data show for the first time that plant chymotrypsin inhibitors, still widely unexplored, may act as paradoxical toxicants to aphids and serve as defensive metabolites for phloem-feeding insects.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Elsevier, 2003, 33 (3), pp.299-306
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00402186
Contributeur : Insa Laboratoire Bf2i <>
Soumis le : lundi 6 juillet 2009 - 20:56:10
Dernière modification le : mercredi 12 décembre 2018 - 15:33:01

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-00402186, version 1
  • PUBMED : 12609515

Collections

Citation

Y. Rahbé, E. Ferrasson, H. Rabesona, L. Quillien. Toxicity to the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum of anti-chymotrypsin isoforms and fragments of Bowman-Birk protease inhibitors from pea seeds.. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Elsevier, 2003, 33 (3), pp.299-306. 〈hal-00402186〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

96