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Experimental study of tyre/road contact forces in rolling conditions for noise prediction

Abstract : This paper deals with the experimental study of dynamical tyre/road contact for noise prediction. In situ measurements of contact forces and close proximity noise levels were carried out for a slick tyre rolling on six different road surfaces between 30 and 50 km/h. Additional texture profiles of the tested surfaces were taken on the wheel track. Normal contact stresses were measured at a sampling frequency of 10752 Hz using a line of pressure sensitive cells placed both along and perpendicular to the rolling direction. The contact areas obtained during rolling were smaller than in static conditions. This is mainly explained by the dynamical properties of tyre compounds, like the viscoelastic behaviou of the rubber. Additionally the root-mean-square of the resutlant contact forces at various speeds was in the same order for a given road surface, while their spectra were quite different. This is certainly due to a spectral influence of bending waves propagating in the tyre during rolling, especially when the wavelength is small in comparison with the size of the contact patch. Finally, the levels of contact forces and close proximity noise measured at 30 km/h were correlated. Additional correlations with texture levels were performed. The results show that the macro-texture generates contact forces linearly around 800 Hz and consequently noise levels between 500 and 1000 Hz via the vibrations transmitted to the tyre.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00399829
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Submitted on : Monday, June 29, 2009 - 11:25:22 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 26, 2022 - 5:14:06 PM

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Julien Cesbron, Fabienne Anfosso-Lédée, Denis Duhamel, Yin Hai-Ping, Donatien Le Houedec. Experimental study of tyre/road contact forces in rolling conditions for noise prediction. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 2009, 320, pp 125-144. ⟨10.1016/j.jsv.2008.07.018⟩. ⟨hal-00399829⟩

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