Fast Predictive Control of Micro Controller's Energy-Performance Tradeoff

Sylvain Durand 1, 2 Nicolas Marchand 1, 3
1 NECS - Networked Controlled Systems
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, GIPSA-DA - Département Automatique
3 GIPSA-SYSCO - SYSCO
GIPSA-DA - Département Automatique
Abstract : A two voltage level electronic device is interesting because the clock frequency and the supply voltage level could be reduced in order to decrease the energy consumption. However, these two quantities have to be controlled respecting certain rules, and decreasing them leads to a reduced computational speed. In this paper a control architecture is proposed to deal with this power-performance tradeoff. First, a fast predictive control technique gives the best computational speed set point to minimize the penalizing high voltage running time. Then, the frequency and the supply voltage are controlled together in order that the measured speed tracks this set point. Finally, the proposal clearly gives an important reduction of the energy consumption. Moreover, the control strategy is robust to process variability and therefore suitable for 45nm, 32nm or smaller implementations.
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Sylvain Durand, Nicolas Marchand. Fast Predictive Control of Micro Controller's Energy-Performance Tradeoff. 3rd IEEE Multi-conference on Systems and Control, 18th IEEE International Conference on Control Applications (CCA'09), Jul 2009, Saint Petersburg, Russia. pp.314-319. ⟨hal-00391988⟩

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