Les connaissances actuelles sur l'effet Pygmalion : Processus, poids et modulateurs.

Abstract : The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of works carried out these last thirty years on the teacher's expectations effect, popularized by Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968 ) under the “Pygmalion effect” expression. After having introduced the historical background of this concept, this review explicates the different steps by which teachers' expectations drive and steer the dynamics of the interactions in the classroom, so that they are confirmed either in the real students' behavior or in the teacher's perception and evaluation. The discussion concerns then the effect size. If teacher's expectations has only a limited weight in students' achievement, some conditions can appreciably moderate it. After having developed such moderator variables of Pygmalion effect, this review ends by evoking the practical implications of these works.
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David Trouilloud, Philippe Sarrazin. Les connaissances actuelles sur l'effet Pygmalion : Processus, poids et modulateurs.. Revue Française de Pédagogie, INRP/ENS éditions, 2003, pp.89-119. ⟨hal-00388839⟩

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