Suppression of hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha and of angiogenesis in endothelial cells by myo-inositol trispyrophosphate-treated erythrocytes

Abstract : Allosteric regulation of oxygen delivery by RBCs may have significant effects on tumor growth. Indeed, angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels, is induced in growing tumors by low oxygen partial pressure. Hypoxia-inducible genes are switched on, among which are the VEGF gene and its receptors. Most important, under hypoxia, hypoxia-inducible factor 1α has a significantly prolonged half-life and up-regulates a number of hypoxia genes. Human microvascular endothelial cells (MECs), when subjected in vitro to hypoxia, align to form vessel-like structures as in the angiogenic process. We report here that, when cultured in hypoxic conditions in the presence of human RBCs loaded with a new membrane-permeant allosteric effector of Hb, myo-inositol trispyrophosphate (ITPP), endothelial cells (ECs) do not align, i.e., do not form “vessel”-like structures, because the “loaded” RBCs are capable of releasing under hypoxia more oxygen than their “normal” counterparts. Levels of VEGF and of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α, elevated in the human MECs under hypoxia, were dramatically reduced or even suppressed in the presence of the ITPP-loaded RBCs. Treatment of these ECs directly with free ITPP at different concentrations had no effect on their ability to undertake angiogenesis. Incubation with ITPP enhances the capacity of Hb to release bound oxygen, leading to higher oxygen tension in the hypoxic environment, thus inhibiting hypoxia-induced angiogenesis. These observations are suggestive of a potential in vivo role of ITPP-loaded, “low-O2-affinity” RBCs in cancer therapy.
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Claudine Kieda, Ruth Greferath, Claire Crola da Silva, Konstantina C. Fylaktakidou, Jean-Marie Lehn, et al.. Suppression of hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha and of angiogenesis in endothelial cells by myo-inositol trispyrophosphate-treated erythrocytes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , National Academy of Sciences, 2006, 103 (42), pp.15576-15581. ⟨10.1073/pnas.0607109103⟩. ⟨hal-00388055⟩

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