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Loi mongole vs loi islamique? Entre mythe et réalité

Abstract : Mongol law, the jasaq, haws provied the basis of a long tradition of studies which were inaugurated by Pétis le la Croix in 1710. He was the first to definine a list of precepts of the jasaq, but without taking consideration either the chronologie or their origin. Most subsequent scholars deling with the question revived the same vision of the jasaq. Debate focused on whether or not the Mongols possed a written code of laws. But, until now, little discussion has taken place concerning with the jasaq represented for the Mongols themselwes and how this Mongol « law » was percieved by medieval authors who, on the whole, confused the edits (jasaq) with customs (yosun). The paper examines the jasaq in its political and cultural contextes and, in particular, in th analysis of the precepts takes into consideration the shamanisme, the Mongol system of representations. Reasons of the lack of understunding by Muslims, in particular the Mamluks historiens, of certains customs in disharmony with Islam and thereby highlight, reasons with led them to see in the jasaq an equivalent of the šarī‘a: a Mongol order imposed on muslim populations wich had fallen under their domination. This paper is in relation with: D. Aigle, “Le ‘grand yasa' de Gengis-khan, l'empire, la culture mongole et la sharī‘a”, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 47/1, 2004, p. 31-79.
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Denise Aigle. Loi mongole vs loi islamique? Entre mythe et réalité. Annales. Histoire, Sciences sociales, Armand Colin, 2004, 59e année septembre-décembre 2004 (n° 5-6), pp.971-996. ⟨hal-00380656⟩



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