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A continuum-tree-valued Markov process

Abstract : We present a construction of a Lévy continuum random tree (CRT) associated with a super-critical continuous state branching process using the so-called exploration process and a Girsanov's theorem. We also extend the pruning procedure to this super-critical case. Let $\psi$ be a critical branching mechanism. We set $\psi_\theta(\cdot)=\psi(\cdot+\theta)-\psi(\theta)$. Let $\Theta=(\theta_\infty,+\infty)$ or $\Theta=[\theta_\infty,+\infty)$ be the set of values of $\theta$ for which $\psi_\theta$ is a branching mechanism. The pruning procedure allows to construct a decreasing Lévy-CRT-valued Markov process $(\ct_\theta,\theta\in\Theta)$, such that $\mathcal{T}_\theta$ has branching mechanism $\psi_\theta$. It is sub-critical if $\theta>0$ and super-critical if $\theta<0$. We then consider the explosion time $A$ of the CRT: the smaller (negative) time $\theta$ for which $\mathcal{T}_\theta$ has finite mass. We describe the law of $A$ as well as the distribution of the CRT just after this explosion time. The CRT just after explosion can be seen as a CRT conditioned not to be extinct which is pruned with an independent intensity related to $A$. We also study the evolution of the CRT-valued process after the explosion time. This extends results from Aldous and Pitman on Galton-Watson trees. For the particular case of the quadratic branching mechanism, we show that after explosion the total mass of the CRT behaves like the inverse of a stable subordinator with index 1/2. This result is related to the size of the tagged fragment for the fragmentation of Aldous' CRT.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 6, 2012 - 4:12:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 4, 2018 - 1:17:28 AM
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Romain Abraham, Jean-François Delmas. A continuum-tree-valued Markov process. Annals of Probability, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2012, 40 (3), pp.1167-1211. ⟨10.1214/11-AOP644⟩. ⟨hal-00379118v3⟩

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