Spanische politische Flüchtlinge in Europa seit dem Beginn des Bürgerkrieges 1936 (Beispiel Frankreich)

Abstract : The Spanish Civil war was one of the most tragic tragedies in Europe in the 20th century which strongly marked our collective destiny. Whole Europe, especially France, made the indirect experience of this historical drama by becoming the land of reception of four successive migratory waves between 1936 and 1939. The last of these waves, called "retirada", was followed by the massive banishment of about half a million individuals of all ages and conditions towards the neighbouring country across the Pyrenees in the space of some weeks. Although the question of the Spanish republican exodus and that of banishment are well known today, these continue asking questions, not only about the ultimate causes which originated in this painful episode, but also and especially on the fate which was reserved for the hundreds of thousand men, women and children at their arrival on the soil of France. How can they explain that the French Republic, known worldwide for its traditional hospitality, demonstrates officially only indifference or contempt towards them? How interpret the lack of preparation of the civil and military authorities facing a predictable human flood, the improvisation of the "camps on the beach" and the mortifying treatment inflicted on the Republican soldiers? It is what we would like to recall in this contribution by stressing the attitude of French and German authorities as well regarding the Spanish refugees till the end of World War II.
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Klaus J. Bade, Pieter C. Emmer, Leo Lucassen, Jochen Oltmer. Enzyklopädie Migration in Europa. Vom 17. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart, Ferdinand Schöningh/Wilhelm Fink, pp.1000-1004, 2007
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Jean-François Berdah. Spanische politische Flüchtlinge in Europa seit dem Beginn des Bürgerkrieges 1936 (Beispiel Frankreich). Klaus J. Bade, Pieter C. Emmer, Leo Lucassen, Jochen Oltmer. Enzyklopädie Migration in Europa. Vom 17. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart, Ferdinand Schöningh/Wilhelm Fink, pp.1000-1004, 2007. 〈hal-00375420〉

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