How terrestrial snails can be used in risk assessment of soils.

Abstract : Among soil invertebrates, terrestrial snails are herbivorous and detritivorous organisms exposed to polluted soils by both digestive and cutaneous routes. Using laboratory-reared snails (Helix aspersa aspersa), we describe how the effects of contaminants on survival and growth of snails can be evaluated in laboratory bioassays. A national ring test was performed to assess the effect of Cd added to the soil or to the food. The ecotoxicity of sewage sludge also was evaluated. The present results demonstrate that toxicity depends on both the pollutants and the exposure route. Cadmium was sixfold more toxic for snails exposed via food contamination (median effective concentration [EC50], 68-139 microg/g) than via soil contamination (EC50, 534-877 microg/g), whereas the opposite occurred with the sewage sludge (EC50, 55% of sludge in the food and 10% of waste in the soil). A logistic relationship linked growth inhibition and internal Cd concentrations, which can reach 2,000 microg/g in the viscera of snails exposed to 626 microg/g in the food. No clear trend was found between Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, and Ni concentrations in the sludge and in snail tissues. These data enabled the development of an international standard, which should enhance the use of terrestrial gastropods for both fundamental research and routine risk assessment in the terrestrial environment.
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Contributor : Annette de Vaufleury <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 9, 2009 - 10:51:11 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 20, 2020 - 7:22:01 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-00374633, version 1
  • PUBMED : 16566165


Annette De Vaufleury, Michaël Coeurdassier, Pascal Pandard, Renaud Scheifler, Christiane Lovy, et al.. How terrestrial snails can be used in risk assessment of soils.. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Wiley, 2006, 25 (3), pp.797-806. ⟨hal-00374633⟩



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