Estimating spatial and temporal variations in solar radiation within Bordeaux winegrowing region using remotely sensed data

Abstract : Aims: This paper presents a study solar radiation spatial and temporal variations in Bordeaux winegrowing area, for a 20 year period (1986-2005). Methods and results: Solar radiation data was retrieved from the HelioClim-1 database, elaborated from Meteosat satellite images, using the Heliosat-2 algorithm. Daily data was interpolated using ordinary kriging to produce horizontal solar radiation maps at a 500 m resolution. Using a digital elevation model, high resolution daily solar radiation maps with terrain integration were then produced for the period 2001-2005, at a 50 m resolution. The long term (20 years) analysis of solar radiation at low spatial resolution (500 m) showed a west to east decreasing gradient within Bordeaux vineyards. Mean August-to-September daily irradiation values, on horizontal surface, were used to classify Bordeaux winegrowing areas in three zones: low, medium, and high solar radiation areas. This initial zoning was upscaled at 50 m resolution, applying a local correction ratio, based on 2001-2005 solar radiation on inclined surface analysis. Grapevine development and maturation potential of the different zones of appellation of origin of Bordeaux winegrowing area are discussed in relation with this zoning. 2 Conclusions: Solar radiation variability within Bordeaux winegrowing area is mainly governed by terrain slopes and orientations, which induce considerable variations within the eastern part of Bordeaux vineyards. Significance and impact of the study: Solar radiation has a major impact on vineyard water balance, grapevine development and berry ripening. However, irradiation data is seldom available in weather stations records. This paper underline the interest of high resolution cartography of solar radiation, using satellite sensing and terrain effect integration, for agroclimatic studies in viticulture.
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Benjamin Bois, Lucien Wald, Philippe Pieri, Cornelis Van Leeuwen, Loïc Commagnac, et al.. Estimating spatial and temporal variations in solar radiation within Bordeaux winegrowing region using remotely sensed data. Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, 2008, 42 (1), pp.15-25. ⟨hal-00363698⟩

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