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Primary infection with simian immunodeficiency virus: plasmacytoid dendritic cell homing to lymph nodes, type I interferon, and immune suppression

Abstract : Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are antigen-presenting cells that develop into type-I interferon (IFN-I)-producing cells in response to pathogens. Their role in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pathogenesis needs to be understood. We analyzed their dynamics in relation to innate and adaptive immunity very early during the acute phase of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection in 18 macaques. pDC counts decreased in blood and increased in peripheral lymph nodes, consistent with early recruitment in secondary lymphoid tissues. These changes correlated with the kinetic and intensity of viremia and were associated with a peak of plasma IFN-I. IFN-I and viremia were positively correlated with functional activity of the immune suppression associated enzyme indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and FoxP3(+)CD8(+) T cells, which both negatively correlated with SIV-specific T-cell proliferation and CD4(+) T-cell activation. These data suggest that pDCs and IFN-I play a key role in shaping innate and adaptive immunity toward suppressive pathways during the acute phase of SIV/HIV primary infection.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00345337
Contributor : Anne Hosmalin <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 8, 2008 - 8:22:59 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 7, 2020 - 11:16:04 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00345337, version 1
  • PUBMED : 18787223

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Benoît Malleret, Benjamin Manéglier, Ingrid Karlsson, Pierre Lebon, Michelina Nascimbeni, et al.. Primary infection with simian immunodeficiency virus: plasmacytoid dendritic cell homing to lymph nodes, type I interferon, and immune suppression. Blood, American Society of Hematology, 2008, 112, pp.4598-4606. ⟨hal-00345337⟩

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