A micromechanical explanation of the mean stress effect in high cycle fatigue

Abstract : A micro–macro approach of multiaxial fatigue in unlimited endurance is presented in this study, as an extension of a previous model recently proposed by the authors [Monchiet, V., Charkaluk, E., Kondo, D., 2006. A plasticity–damage based micromechanical modelling in high cycle fatigue. C.R. Mécanique 334 (2), 129–136]. It allows to take into account coupling between polycrystalline plasticity and damage mechanisms which occur at the scale of persistent slip bands (PSB) during cyclic deformation. The plasticity–damage coupled model is obtained by adapting the Gurson [Gurson, A.L., 1977. Continuum theory of ductile rupture by void nucleation and growth: part I – yield criteria and flow rules for porous ductile media. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. 99, 2–15] limit analysis to polycrystalline materials to take into account microvoids growth along PSBs. The macroscopic fatigue criterion corresponds to microcracks nucleation at the PSB–matrix interface. It is shown that this criterion accounts for the effect of the mean stress and of the hydrostatic pressure in high cycle fatigue. Such features of HCF are related to the damage micro-mechanisms. Finally, some illustrations concerning the particular case of cyclic affine loadings are presented and comparisons of the predictions of the fatigue criterion with experimental data show the relevance of this new approach.
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Vincent Monchiet, Eric Charkaluk, Djimedo Kondo. A micromechanical explanation of the mean stress effect in high cycle fatigue. Mechanics Research Communications, Elsevier, 2008, 35 (6), pp.383-391. ⟨10.1016/j.mechrescom.2008.03.004⟩. ⟨hal-00333028⟩



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