Abstract : We consider a bidimensional Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process to describe the tissue microvascularisation in anti-cancer therapy. Data are discrete, partial and noisy observations of this stochastic differential equation (SDE). Our aim is the estimation of the SDE parameters. We use the main advantage of a one-dimensional observation to obtain an easy way to compute the exact likelihood using the Kalman filter recursion. We also propose a recursive computation of the gradient and hessian of the log-likelihood based on Kalman filtering, which allows to implement an easy numerical maximisation of the likelihood and the exact maximum likelihood estimator (MLE). Furthermore, we establish the link between the observations and an ARMA process and we deduce the asymptotic properties of the MLE. We show that this ARMA property can be generalised to a higher dimensional underlying Ornstein-Uhlenbeck diffusion. We compare this estimator with the one obtained by the well-known EM algorithm on simulated data.