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Observations of significant flux closure by dual lobe reconnection

Abstract : We present an interval of dual lobe reconnection during which interplanetary magnetic field lines are captured by the magnetosphere by reconnecting at high latitudes in both the Northern and the Southern Hemispheres. This event was identified using measurements of the ionospheric convection flow and observations of the aurora using the SuperDARN radars and the IMAGE spacecraft. A cusp spot, characteristic of northward IMF, is clearly visible for a 30 min period enabling the ionospheric footprint of the Northern Hemisphere merging gap to be accurately determined. During the interval a strong burst of sunward flow across the dayside open/closed field line boundary (OCB) is observed, which we interpret as the reconfiguration of the magnetosphere following a burst of reconnection. Noon-midnight and dawn-dusk keograms of the aurora show that the polar cap shrinks during the interval indicating that a large amount of flux was closed by the reconnection. Using the SuperDARN potential maps it is possible to calculate that the amount of flux closed during the interval is 0.13 GWb which represents approximately 10% of the pre-existing polar cap. The number of ions captured by the burst of dual lobe reconnection was calculated to be ~2.2×1031, more than sufficient to populate a cold, dense plasma sheet. That a dense plasma sheet was not subsequently observed is discussed in terms of subsequent changes in the IMF.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 30, 2007 - 8:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Monday, August 5, 2019 - 6:18:01 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-00318354, version 1

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S. M. Imber, S. E. Milan, B. Hubert. Observations of significant flux closure by dual lobe reconnection. Annales Geophysicae, European Geosciences Union, 2007, 25 (7), pp.1617-1627. ⟨hal-00318354⟩

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