Comparative Analysis of Response-factor and Finite-volume based Methods for predicting Heat and Moisture Transfer through Porous Building Materials

Abstract : Many of the now well-known building energy simulation programs use the response factor method developed in the early 1970s by Stephenson and Mitalas. These are TRNSYS, EnergyPlus, Blast, and DOE-2, to name but a few. Others, such as PowerDomus, ESP-r, and BSim, perform finite-volume or finite-difference calculations to solve the heat and mass transfer through the building envelope. These two different approaches are known to have strengths and weaknesses. The main objective of the present exercise is to compare the prediction of both methods. A two-step procedure is employed here. The first deals with the pure thermal problem, i.e., without moisture calculation. Three different cases of increasing complexity are studied and compared to analytical solutions. The second step focuses on the moisture problem alone by comparing the responses obtained with a two-layer buffer storage model and a finite-volume discretization for moisture transfer. Results show that time step values are determinant even for pure thermal cases where the classical value of 1 h can lead to notable errors. For problems with moisture sorption in the wall, it has been shown that grid refinement is a very decisive parameter, while the time step has to be set, to unusually small values, to achieve a good response.
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Article dans une revue
Journal of Building Physics, SAGE Publications, 2006, 30 (1), pp.7-37
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Contributeur : Emmanuel Bozonnet <>
Soumis le : lundi 25 août 2008 - 12:14:52
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 16:44:00

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  • HAL Id : hal-00312140, version 1

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Marc Abadie, N. Mendes. Comparative Analysis of Response-factor and Finite-volume based Methods for predicting Heat and Moisture Transfer through Porous Building Materials. Journal of Building Physics, SAGE Publications, 2006, 30 (1), pp.7-37. 〈hal-00312140〉

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