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Influence of the rapeseed protein hydrolysis process on CHO cell growth

Abstract : Different protein hydrolysates were prepared from enzymatic hydrolyses of a rapeseed isolate (>90% protein content) using different commercial enzymes of non-animal origin. The extent of hydrolysis was controlled to produce hydrolysates corresponding to various degrees of hydrolysis (DH) from 5 to 30. These hydrolysates were characterized according to their solubility and size peptide pattern. Different growth behaviours of Chinese Hamster Ovary cells were observed when these various hydrolysates were added in serum-free medium containing transferrin, albumin and insulin. Hydrolysates from low degree of hydrolysis generally did not exhibit significant positive effect on cell growth; conversely hydrolysates from extensive hydrolysis, corresponding to a major low molecular size peptides content, usually allowed an increase of the maximal cell density. However, depending on the enzyme used, the supplementation with hydrolysates corresponding to a high degree of hydrolysis and composed of at least 70% peptides with a molecular size under 1 kDa, led to different maximal cell density values, indicating the importance of enzyme specificity and consequently the nature of the released peptides. This result showed that the positive influence of the rapeseed hydrolysates on cell growth was not only due to a nutritional support tied to the addition of small peptides but may be related to the presence of peptides exhibiting growth or survival factor effects. Furthermore, total substitution of proteins (transferrin, albumin and insulin) in the cell culture medium by some rapeseed hydrolysates appeared to be a promising alternative to improve the cell growth in protein-free media.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00301343
Contributor : Josiane Moras <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 21, 2008 - 11:07:22 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 3:36:03 PM

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G. Chabanon, S. Chenu, I. Chevalot, Bérangère Farges, J.L. Goergen, et al.. Influence of the rapeseed protein hydrolysis process on CHO cell growth. Bioresource Technology, Elsevier, 2008, 99 (Issue 15), pp.7143-7151. ⟨10.1016/j.biortech.2007.12.070⟩. ⟨hal-00301343⟩

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