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?. Climate and . Pblunier, deforestation, cultivation, fire history Lake trophic status/phosphorus ? eutrophication Surface water pH ? acidification Minerogenic fluxes ? soil erosion, alluviation, colluviation, sediment yield Carbon fluxes ? accumulation/erosion Geochemical fluxes ? plant nutrient transport, weathering Water fluxes ? river discharge/flood regime References Tables Figures Back Close Full Screen / Esc Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Fig. 3. References Tables Figures Back Close Full Screen / Esc Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Fig. 4. Regional/global scale Holocene records of atmospheric/climate, human and environmental processes. (a) Ice core records of greenhouse gases methane and carbon dioxide, with 3pt smoothed curves added); (c) Political administrative units (from data in Taagepera, 1997) and theoretical trend of global organisation (Devezas and Modelski 2003); (d) European Pb deposition (Swiss peat sequence), showing shift in 206 Pb/ 207 Pb ratio from 5500 BP and 3000 BP onwards representing wind erosion and Pb mining respectively (Shotyk et al., 1998); (e) Forest change in Scandinavia); (f) Biomass burning in Europe and SE Asia based on charcoal proxy records Water (blue) and sediment (brown) discharge for the Amazon basin, water balance Atmospheric pollution loadings ? heavy metals, acidity Aquatic ecosystem ? algae, larvae, fish, macrophytes Terrestrial ecosystem ? land cover based on changes in d 18 O in fan sediments and deltaic accumulation rates, and sediment discharge in in the Yellow River basin, China, based on alluvial accumulation rates); (h) Soil erosion intensity in Germany based on frequency of OSL dated colluvial sequences (Lang, 2003), and river activity in Britain based on frequency of 14 C dated alluvial units, 1995.