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Coupled chemistry climate model simulations of the solar cycle in ozone and temperature

John Austin 1 K. Tourpali 2 E. Rozanov 3 H. Akiyoshi 4 Slimane Bekki 5 G. Bodeker 6 C. Brühl 7 N. Butchart 8 M. Chipperfield 9 M. Deushi 10 V.I. Fomichev 11 M.A. Giorgetta 12 L. Gray 13 K. Kodera 14, 10 François Lott 15 E. Manzini 16 D. Marsh 17 K. Matthes 17, 18 T. Nagashima 4 K. Shibata 10 R.S. Stolarski 19 H. Struthers 6 W. Tian 9 
Abstract : The 11-year solar cycles in ozone and temperature are examined using newsimulations of coupled chemistry climate models. The results show a secondary maximumin stratospheric tropical ozone, in agreement with satellite observations and in contrastwith most previously published simulations. The mean model response varies by upto about 2.5% in ozone and 0.8 K in temperature during a typical solar cycle, at the lowerend of the observed ranges of peak responses. Neither the upper atmospheric effectsof energetic particles nor the presence of the quasi biennial oscillation is necessaryto simulate the lower stratospheric response in the observed low latitude ozoneconcentration. Comparisons are also made between model simulations and observed totalcolumn ozone. As in previous studies, the model simulations agree well with observations.For those models which cover the full temporal range 1960–2005, the ozone solarsignal below 50 hPa changes substantially from the first two solar cycles to the last twosolar cycles. Further investigation suggests that this difference is due to an aliasingbetween the sea surface temperatures and the solar cycle during the first part of the period.The relationship between these results and the overall structure in the tropical solarozone response is discussed. Further understanding of solar processes requiresimprovement in the observations of the vertically varying and column integrated ozone.
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John Austin, K. Tourpali, E. Rozanov, H. Akiyoshi, Slimane Bekki, et al.. Coupled chemistry climate model simulations of the solar cycle in ozone and temperature. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2008, 113, pp.D11306. ⟨10.1029/2007JD009391⟩. ⟨hal-00287829⟩

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