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Multiple phosphorylations in the C-terminal tail of plant plasma membrane aquaporins: role in subcellular trafficking of AtPIP2;1 in response to salt stress.

Abstract : Aquaporins form a family of water and solute channel proteins and are present in most living organisms. In plants, aquaporins play an important role in the regulation of root water transport in response to abiotic stresses. In this work, we investigated the role of phosphorylation of plasma membrane intrinsic protein (PIP) aquaporins in the Arabidopsis thaliana root by a combination of quantitative mass spectrometry and cellular biology approaches. A novel phosphoproteomics procedure that involves plasma membrane purification, phosphopeptide enrichment with TiO(2) columns, and systematic mass spectrometry sequencing revealed multiple and adjacent phosphorylation sites in the C-terminal tail of several AtPIPs. Six of these sites had not been described previously. The phosphorylation of AtPIP2;1 at two C-terminal sites (Ser(280) and Ser(283)) was monitored by an absolute quantification method and shown to be altered in response to treatments of plants by salt (NaCl) and hydrogen peroxide. The two treatments are known to strongly decrease the water permeability of Arabidopsis roots. To investigate a putative role of Ser(280) and Ser(283) phosphorylation in aquaporin subcellular trafficking, AtPIP2;1 forms mutated at either one of the two sites were fused to the green fluorescent protein and expressed in transgenic plants. Confocal microscopy analysis of these plants revealed that, in resting conditions, phosphorylation of Ser(283) is necessary to target AtPIP2;1 to the plasma membrane. In addition, an NaCl treatment induced an intracellular accumulation of AtPIP2;1 by exerting specific actions onto AtPIP2;1 forms differing in their phosphorylation at Ser(283) to induce their accumulation in distinct intracellular structures. Thus, the present study documents stress-induced quantitative changes in aquaporin phosphorylation and establishes for the first time a link with plant aquaporin subcellular localization.
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Sodana Prak, Sonia Hem, Julie Boudet, Gaëlle Viennois, Nicolas Sommerer, et al.. Multiple phosphorylations in the C-terminal tail of plant plasma membrane aquaporins: role in subcellular trafficking of AtPIP2;1 in response to salt stress.. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2008, 7 (6), pp.1019-30. ⟨10.1074/mcp.M700566-MCP200⟩. ⟨hal-00287678⟩

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