Le géographe Emmanuel de Martonne et l'Europe centrale

Abstract : The frame of this study is the epistemology of geography and it insists on the rela-tions between German geography and French geography In focussing on the French geograph E. de Martonne (1873-1955) and in restricting the study to Central Europe (in insisting on Germany and Rumania), différent ways of research are explored. First, how de Martonne was embodying the boss of French geography at a critical moment in the history of the discipline ? Second, which role has played E. de Martonne as geograph-expert at the “Comité d'études”, who has prepared the Peace Treaties at the end of the First World War ? Third, the analysis of a synthetic work written by E. de Martonne, that is to say volume 4 of “Géographie Universelle” entitled “l'Europe centrale”, has allowed to study some key concepts such as “Central Europe”, “Frontier”, “Région”, “nationality”. The relation existing between works of the “Comité d'études”, the state of mind of such a French intellectual elite and the posi-tion of the chief of the French geographical school can then be better examined. Moreover, the reception of this work in Germany and the more or less violent German reac-tions are analysed thanks to two methodological instruments : on one hand, going through a corpus of seven German main geographical journals corresponding at two periods of times, 1915-1925 and 1930-1935, and on the other hand, the translation into French of German article extracts.
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Gaëlle Hallair. Le géographe Emmanuel de Martonne et l'Europe centrale. UMR PRODIG, UMR Géographie-cités. UMR PRODIG, UMR Géographie-cités, pp.148, 2007, Grafigéo. Mémoires et documents de l'UMR PRODIG, ISSN 1281-6477, Jean Marie Théodat. ⟨hal-00282068⟩

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