Quasistatic rheology, force transmission and fabric properties of a packing of irregular polyhedral particles

Abstract : By means of contact dynamics simulations, we investigate a dense packing composed of polyhedral particles under quasistatic shearing. The effect of particle shape is analyzed by comparing the polyhedra packing with a packing of similar characteristics except for the spherical shape of the particles. The polyhedra packing shows higher shear stress and dilatancy but similar stress-dilatancy relation compared to the sphere packing. A harmonic approximation of granular fabric is presented in terms of branch vectors (connecting particle centers) and contact force components along and perpendicular to the branch vectors. It is found that the origin of enhanced shear strength of the polyhedra packing lies in its higher force anisotropy with respect to the sphere packing which has a higher fabric anisotropy. Various contact types (face-vertex, face-face, etc) contribute differently to force transmission and fabric anisotropy. In particular, most face-face contacts belong to strong force chains along the major principal stress direction whereas vertex-face contacts are correlated with weak forces and oriented on average along the minor principal stress direction in steady shearing.


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Dernière modification le : lundi 13 octobre 2014 - 15:43:25
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Emilien Azéma, Farhang Radjai, Gilles Saussine. Quasistatic rheology, force transmission and fabric properties of a packing of irregular polyhedral particles. Mechanics of Materials, Elsevier, 2009, 41 (6), pp.729-741. <10.1016/j.mechmat.2009.01.021>. <hal-00276748>

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