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Le tatouage féminin dans les sociétés anciennes et traditionnelles : beauté, sexualité et valeur sociale

Abstract : This study deals with a little known tattooing tradition that was nevertheless practised since the Neolithic. A general definition of this practice is given by comparing anthropological, historical and ethnographical data. In ancient societies where city-state model was the predominant political form, female tattooing was absent. But it was found at their margins over a large portion of the Mediterranean hinterland. As a general rule, female tattooing appears in groups where physiological attributes (gender, age) strongly shape social roles and behaviours. Female tattooing reproduces the designs worn by mothers and grand-mothers. It is normative and, like pottery decoration, put the finishing touches to the physiological development of the girl who is now declared able to play her role of wife and mother. The aniconic, formal designs, deprived of any symbolic grammar, are imbued with aesthetic values related to welfare, the preservation and reproduction of life, eroticism and the performance of the sexual act.
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Luc Renaut. Le tatouage féminin dans les sociétés anciennes et traditionnelles : beauté, sexualité et valeur sociale. Annette Geiger. Der schöne Körper. Mode und Kosmetik in Kunst und Gesellschaft, Böhlau Verlag, pp. 91-112, 2008. ⟨hal-00275248v2⟩

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