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On learning machines for engine control

Abstract : The chapter deals with neural networks and learning machines for engine control applications, particularly in modeling for control. In the first section, some basics on the common features of engine control are recalled, based on a layered engine management structure. Then the use of neural networks for engine modeling, control and diagnosis is briefly described. The need for descriptive models for model-based control and the link between physical models and black box models are emphasized at the end of this section by exposing the grey box approach taken in this chapter. The second section introduces the neural models most used in engine control, namely, MultiLayer Perceptrons (MLP) and Radial Basis Function (RBF) networks. A more recent approach, known as Support Vector Regression (SVR), to build models in kernel expansion form is then presented. The third section is devoted to examples of application of these models in the context of turbocharged Spark Ignition (SI) engines with Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT). This specific context is representative of modern engine control problems. In the first example, the airpath control is studied, where open loop neural estimators are combined with a dynamical polytopic observer. The second example considers modeling the in-cylinder residual gas fraction by Linear Programming SVR (LP-SVR), based on a limited amount of experimental data and a simulator built from prior knowledge. Each example tries to show that models based on first principles and neural models must be joined together in a grey box approach to obtain efficient and acceptable results.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 19, 2008 - 5:51:09 PM
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Gérard Bloch, Fabien Lauer, Guillaume Colin. On learning machines for engine control. D. Prokhorov. Computational Intelligence in Automotive Applications, Springer-Verlag, pp.126-144, 2008, Studies in Computational Intelligence (SCI), vol. 132, ⟨10.1007/978-3-540-79257-4_8⟩. ⟨hal-00265653⟩

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