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Variability of the Great-Whirl from Observations and Models

Abstract : Observations from cruises in the Arabian Sea and data from satellites are interpreted using different realizations of a multi-level primitive equation model and an eddy-permitting reduced-gravity shallow water model of the Indian Ocean. The focus is on the interannual circulation variability of the Arabian Sea, and especially of the meridional location of the Great Whirl (GW). The results suggest that the variability in the western Arabian Sea is not only due to the interannual variability in the wind field, but that a substantial part is caused by the chaotic nature of the ocean dynamics. Decreasing the friction coefficient from 1000 to in a numerical reduced-gravity model, the variance of the GW location increases dramatically, and the mean position moves southward by one degree. In the eddy-permitting experiments analyzed, both mechanisms appear to determine the GW location at the onset of the GW dynamics in late summer.
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Achim Wirth, J. Willebrand, F. Schott. Variability of the Great-Whirl from Observations and Models. Deep Sea Research, 2002, 2 (49), pp.1279-1295. ⟨10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00165-5⟩. ⟨hal-00259853⟩

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