Genèse et interprétation des repères hypothétiques en milieu toncal - entre arbitraire et pertinence

Jean-Marie Merle 1, *
* Corresponding author
Abstract : This paper sets out to characterize three procedures by which a clause or a phrase acquires hypothetical status within a tuncal context - i.e. a context implying disconnection from the speaker's or utterer's hic et nunc (or nuncal coordinates) :1. a procedure involving alteration of a preconstructed state of affairs - validation of the hypothesis being precluded (contrafactual hypotheme) ;2. a procedure involving the reworking of contextual material (conjectural or rhetorical hypothemes) ;3. a procedure involving the construction of a non-precluded (potential) hypotheme. A further idea developed here is that relevance counterbalances enunciative arbitrariness : relevance and context-awareness are crucial in detecting and interpreting hypothetical status. Relevance - i.e. nuncal relevance as opposed to tuncal relevance - accounts for the difference between nuncal potential and tuncal potential.
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Jean-Marie Merle. Genèse et interprétation des repères hypothétiques en milieu toncal - entre arbitraire et pertinence. Linx, Presses Universitaires de Paris Nanterre, 1999, pp.61-74. ⟨hal-00250282⟩

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