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M-cadherin activates Rac1 GTPase through the Rho-GEF trio during myoblast fusion.

Abstract : Cadherins are transmembrane glycoproteins that mediate Ca(2+)-dependent homophilic cell-cell adhesion and play crucial role during skeletal myogenesis. M-cadherin is required for myoblast fusion into myotubes, but its mechanisms of action remain unknown. The goal of this study was to cast some light on the nature of the M-cadherin-mediated signals involved in myoblast fusion into myotubes. We found that the Rac1 GTPase activity is increased at the time of myoblast fusion and it is required for this process. Moreover, we showed that M-cadherin-dependent adhesion activates Rac1 and demonstrated the formation of a multiproteic complex containing M-cadherin, the Rho-GEF Trio, and Rac1 at the onset of myoblast fusion. Interestingly, Trio knockdown efficiently blocked both the increase in Rac1-GTP levels, observed after M-cadherin-dependent contact formation, and myoblast fusion. We conclude that M-cadherin-dependent adhesion can activate Rac1 via the Rho-GEF Trio at the time of myoblast fusion.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00212300
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 22, 2008 - 4:48:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 6, 2018 - 1:22:17 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 15, 2010 - 2:03:37 AM

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Sophie Charrasse, Franck Comunale, Mathieu Fortier, Elodie Portales-Casamar, Anne Debant, et al.. M-cadherin activates Rac1 GTPase through the Rho-GEF trio during myoblast fusion.. Molecular Biology of the Cell, American Society for Cell Biology, 2007, 18 (5), pp.1734-43. ⟨10.1091/mbc.E06-08-0766⟩. ⟨hal-00212300⟩

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