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Are cyanobacteria involved in Ciguatera Fish Poisoning-like outbreaks in New-Caledonia?

Abstract : From 2001 to 2005, numerous cases of seafood poisonings were reported in a tribe from Lifou (Loyalty Islands Province, New Caledonia) of which 35 were thoroughly examined. Observations outlined by the epidemiological and clinical data (including severity and rapid onset of certain symptoms following consumption of either giant clams (Tridacna spp.) or grazing and molluscivorous fish together with the apparent inefficacy of traditional remedies, were not in favour of a classical Ciguatera Fish Poisoning (CFP) outbreak. From 2005 onwards, an environmental offshore survey of the affected area was conducted. Screening of the damaged coral area revealed the presence of large populations of cyanobacteria identified as Hydrocoleum Kützing, but the absence of Gambierdiscus spp., the well-known dinoflagellate causative agent of CFP. In vivo and in vitro toxicological studies of extracts obtained from cyanobacteria and giant clams, strongly suggested the co-occurrence of ciguatoxin-like, anatoxin-like and paralytic shellfish toxins in these samples. These new findings shed new light on the complexity of the CFP symptomatology and treatment and also on the diversity and origin of the CFP toxins. Furthermore they provide new evidence of the overall variability of seafood poisonings following the ingestion of different sea products living in a marine environment where significant harmful populations of microalgae and cyanobacteria coexist. This is the first report on the involvement of cyanobacteria in CFP-like outbreaks following the consumption of giant clams or fish specimens. Consequently, it is recommended that CFP risk assessment programs now include monitoring of cyanobacteria besides the obvious screening of CFP-promoting dinoflagellates
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 9, 2008 - 5:33:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 4:00:31 AM

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Dominique Laurent, A.S. Kerbrat, H.T. Daruis, Emmanuelle Girard, S. Golubic, et al.. Are cyanobacteria involved in Ciguatera Fish Poisoning-like outbreaks in New-Caledonia?. Harmful Algae, Elsevier, 2008, 7 (6), pp.827-838. ⟨10.1016/j.hal.2008.04.005⟩. ⟨hal-00203370⟩



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