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Nonrandom distribution of metaphase AgNOR staining patterns on human acrocentric chromosomes.

Abstract : The metaphase nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) contain ribosomal genes associated with proteins such as upstream binding factor (UBF) and RNA polymerase I (RPI). These genes are clustered in 10 loci of the human acrocentric chromosomes (13, 14, 15, 21, and 22). Some NOR-associated proteins, termed AgNOR proteins, can be specifically stained by silver. In this study we took advantage of technical advances in digital imaging, image restoration techniques, and factorial correspondence analysis (FCA) to study the different AgNOR staining patterns of metaphase chromosomes in human lymphocytes. Three predominant patterns could be distinguished: pair (47%), stick-like (28%), and unstained (18%) structures. By studying the frequency of occurrence of each pattern on different chromosomes, two groups could be defined. Chromosomes 13, 14, and 21 carried predominantly pair or stick-like AgNOR structures, whereas chromosomes 15 and 22 mainly carried pair AgNOR structures or remained unstained. We suggest that the different AgNOR shapes reflect both the number of ribosomal genes carried by each chromosome and the differential recruitment of active ribosomal genes in each NOR cluster. This is the first study showing a nonrandom distribution of AgNOR shape among acrocentric chromosomes.
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Contributor : Yves Usson <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 28, 2007 - 2:57:30 PM
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L. Héliot, Fabien Mongelard, C. Klein, M. F. O'Donohue, Jean-Marc Chassery, et al.. Nonrandom distribution of metaphase AgNOR staining patterns on human acrocentric chromosomes.. Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry / Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, 2000, 48 (1), pp.13-20. ⟨hal-00192550⟩



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