Interspecific and geographical variations of trace element concentrations in Pectinidae from European waters

Abstract : Cd, Cu and Zn were analysed in the organs and tissues of the three scallop species from the Bay of Biscay, the variegated Chlamys varia L., the queen scallop Aequipecten opercularis L. and the common scallop Pecten maximus L. for interspecific comparisons. In P. maximus the greatest concentrations of Cd and Cu were found in the digestive gland, whereas the two other species showed similar levels of Cd between digestive gland and kidneys and higher renal Cu concentrations. However, the digestive gland of all Pectinidae species contained from 75 to 93 % and 52 to 74 % of the total body burdens of Cd and Cu, respectively. Whatever the species and the origin, kidneys displayed the highest Zn concentrations, which therefore contained from 53 to 97 % of the total body burden of this metal. Also using reported results, ratios between the concentrations in the digestive gland and that in the kidneys discriminated two groups of Pectinidae : 1) the Pecten group (P. maximus, P. jacobeus and Adamussium colbecki) with a Cd ratio ≥ 4, a Cu ratio ≥ 1 and a Zn ratio > 20.10-3 2) the Chlamys group with a Cd ratio ≤ 1, a Cu ratio ≤ 1 and a Zn ratio ≤ 6.10-3. However, no differences in the detoxification processes in the digestive gland were found between groups in this study. 72 to 80 % of the total Cd was found to be soluble, probably bound to metalloproteins such as metallothioneins, while Cu and Zn were mainly found associated to the insoluble fraction of the digestive gland cells whatever the species. Queen scallops from the Faroe Islands were also considered to examine variations of the metal concentrations due to the geographical origin. In this northern area, queen scallops displayed Cd concentrations 2, 4 and 6 times higher in kidneys, muscle and digestive gland, respectively, compared to those from the Bay of Biscay. Consequently, the Cd concentrations in the whole soft parts of the queen scallops were more than 6 times higher in the Faroe Islands than in the Bay of Biscay. In contrast to Cd, both Cu and Zn concentrations in the whole soft parts were 2 times lower in the Faroe Islands, suggesting lower bioavailability of these essential elements.
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Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2004, 57 (10), pp.1355-1362. 〈10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.08.077〉
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Soumis le : samedi 10 novembre 2007 - 18:04:46
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:23:34
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Paco Bustamante, Pierre Miramand. Interspecific and geographical variations of trace element concentrations in Pectinidae from European waters. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2004, 57 (10), pp.1355-1362. 〈10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.08.077〉. 〈hal-00186644〉



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