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Study of adhesion of PROTAL copper coating of Al 2017 using the laser shock adhesion test (LASAT)

Abstract : Surface preparation of substrates is a major stage in thermal spraying as it greatly influences coating adhesion. Standard grit-blasting creates roughness but also often leaves grit inclusions at the substrate surface, which are detrimental for coating quality. In contrast, the use of smooth substrates involves improvements in metallurgical adhesion. This work deals with the use of substrate pre-heating and of the PROTAL® process (lsquoPROjection Thermique Assistée par Laserrsquo) to promote metallurgical adhesion. PROTAL is based on substrate laser treatment prior to spraying to achieve an oxide-free interface and, under specific conditions, which modifies the substrate morphology. A metallurgically reactive system (i.e., copper sprayed onto Al 2017) was selected to be suitable for controlling metallurgical features at the coating-substrate interface (mainly pores, intermetallic phases and pre-existing cracks). These were shown to depend on substrate roughness and on the substrate temperature during the first spraying pass. LAser shock adhesion test, namely LASAT, was developed to enable morphological and metallurgical features of as-sprayed interfaces to be studied separately. The existence of a critical roughness for anchoring (CRA) and of an adhesion transition temperature (ATT) could be assumed. As for metallurgical properties, interface intermetallics and pre-existing cracks were shown to be detrimental for adhesion. Moreover, LASATesting succeeded in showing that adhesion of PROTAL coatings is better than that of APS-only coatings.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 16, 2007 - 4:47:32 PM
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Sophie Barradas, Michel Jeandin, C. Bolis, L. Berthe, M. Arrigoni, et al.. Study of adhesion of PROTAL copper coating of Al 2017 using the laser shock adhesion test (LASAT). Journal of Materials Science, Springer Verlag, 2004, 39, pp.2707-2716. ⟨10.1023/B:JMSC.0000021445.74736.b3⟩. ⟨hal-00163090⟩



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