Molecular Dynamics Simulation for Probing the Flexibility of the 35 Nucleotide SL1 Sequence Kissing Complex from HIV-1Lai Genomic RNA

Abstract : The SL1 stem-loop located in the encapsidation domain is responsible for initiating the dimerisation of HIV-1 genomic RNA by means of a loop-loop interaction known as Kissing Complex (KC). The SL1 secondary structure has been predicted as a 35 nucleotides [K. G. Murti, M. Bondurant, and A. Tereba. J Virol 37, 411-419 (1981)] stem-loop composed of a 4 base pairs (bp) terminal duplex, a 4 nt asymmetrical internal loop, a 7 bp internal duplex, and a 9 nt apical loop. Several high resolution structures of the monomer and of KC of a 23 nt sequence containing only the internal duplex and the apical loop of SL1 are available in the literature. No experimental high resolution structure of the complete native SL1 sequence has been reported so far, either for the monomer or for KC. The asymmetrical internal loop has been described from NMR studies of different monomeric hairpin sequences, leading to divergent results, which suggests its high flexibility. In this work, we built a SL135 KC model which was submitted to a 31 ns molecular dynamics simulation (MD). Our results allows to describe the internal dynamics of SL135 KC and the differences of behavior of the different parts of the dimer. Thus, we could show the stability of the interactions between the two apical loops and of the terminal duplexes, the destabilization of the internal duplexes and the high flexibility of the asymmetrical internal loops.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00159612
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 3, 2007 - 4:17:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 27, 2018 - 8:24:02 AM

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Sonia Mazier, Daniel Genest. Molecular Dynamics Simulation for Probing the Flexibility of the 35 Nucleotide SL1 Sequence Kissing Complex from HIV-1Lai Genomic RNA. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, Taylor & Francis: STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles, 2007, 24 (5), pp.471-479. ⟨hal-00159612⟩

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