Temporal Dynamics and Linkage Disequilibrium in Natural C. elegans Populations.

Abstract : Caenorhabditis elegans is a major laboratory model system yet a newcomer to the field of population genetics, and relatively little is known of its biology in the wild. Recent studies of natural populations at a single timepoint revealed strong spatial population structure and suggested that these populations may be very dynamic. We have therefore studied several natural C. elegans populations over time and genotyped them at polymorphic microsatellite loci. While some populations appear to be genetically stable over the course of observation, others seem to go extinct, with full replacement of multilocus genotypes upon population regrowth. The frequency of heterozygotes indicates that outcrossing occurs at a mean frequency of 1.7% and is variable between populations. However, in genetically stable populations, linkage disequilibrium between different chromosomes can be maintained over several years, at a level much higher than expected from the heterozygote frequency. C. elegans seems to follow metapopulation dynamics, and the maintenance of linkage disequilibrium despite a low yet significant level of outcrossing suggests that selection may act against the progeny of outcrossings.
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Antoine Barrière, Marie-Anne Félix. Temporal Dynamics and Linkage Disequilibrium in Natural C. elegans Populations.. Genetics, Genetics Society of America, 2007, 176, pp.999-1011. ⟨10.1534/genetics.106.067223⟩. ⟨hal-00144075⟩

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