Cycles of free words in several independent random permutations with restricted cycle lengths

Abstract : In this text, we consider random permutations which can be written as free words in several independent random permutations: firstly, we fix a non trivial word $w$ in letters $g_1,g_1^{-1},\ldots, g_k,g_k^{-1}$, secondly, for all $n$, we introduce a $k$-tuple $s_1(n),\ldots, s_k(n)$ of independent random permutations of $\{1,\ldots, n\}$, and the random permutation $\sigma_n$ we are going to consider is the one obtained by replacing each letter $g_i$ in $w$ by $s_i(n)$. For example, for $w=g_1g_2g_3g_2^{-1}$, $\sigma_n=s_1(n)\circ s_2(n)\circ s_3(n)\circ s_2(n)^{-1}$. Moreover, we restrict the set of possible lengths of the cycles of the $s_i(n)$'s: we fix sets $A_1,\ldots, A_k$ of positive integers and suppose that for all $n$, for all $i$, $s_i(n)$ is uniformly distributed on the set of permutations of $\{1,\ldots, n\}$ which have all their cycle lengths in $A_i$. For all positive integer $l$, we are going to give asymptotics, as $n$ goes to infinity, on the number $N_l(\sigma_n)$ of cycles of length $l$ of $\sigma_n$. We shall also consider the joint distribution of the random vectors $(N_1(\sigma_n),\ldots, N_l(\sigma_n))$. We first prove that the order of $w$ in a certain quotient of the free group with generators $g_1,\ldots, g_k$ determines the rate of growth of the random variables $N_l(\sigma_n)$ as $n$ goes to infinity. We also prove that in many cases, the distribution of $N_l(\sigma_n)$ converges to a Poisson law with parameter $1/l$ and that the random variables $N_1(\sigma_n),N_2(\sigma_n), \ldots$ are asymptotically independent. We notice the surprising fact that from this point of view, many things happen as if $\sigma_n$ were uniformly distributed on the $n$-th symmetric group.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
28 pages. 2010
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Contributeur : Florent Benaych-Georges <>
Soumis le : lundi 1 novembre 2010 - 00:53:25
Dernière modification le : jeudi 10 mai 2018 - 02:03:59
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Florent Benaych-Georges. Cycles of free words in several independent random permutations with restricted cycle lengths. 28 pages. 2010. 〈hal-00114382v7〉



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