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Surface plasmon modes and the Casimir energy

Abstract : We show the influence of surface plasmons on the Casimir effect between two plane parallel metallic mirrors at arbitrary distances. Using the plasma model to describe the optical response of the metal, we express the Casimir energy as a sum of contributions associated with evanescent surface plasmon modes and propagative cavity modes. In contrast to naive expectations, the plasmonic modes contribution is essential at all distances in order to ensure the correct result for the Casimir energy. One of the two plasmonic modes gives rise to a repulsive contribution, balancing out the attractive contributions from propagating cavity modes, while both contributions taken separately are much larger than the actual value of the Casimir energy. This also suggests possibilities to tailor the sign of the Casimir force via surface plasmons.
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Contributor : Serge Reynaud <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 10, 2006 - 10:18:34 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 12:36:43 PM

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F. Intravaia, A. Lambrecht. Surface plasmon modes and the Casimir energy. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2005, 94, pp.110404. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.94.110404⟩. ⟨hal-00112899⟩



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