DNA/cationic polymer complex attachment on a human vascular endothelial cell monolayer exposed to a steady laminar flow

Abstract : This study evaluated for the first time the binding of pDNA/polymer complexes (polyplexes) on a human lung microvascular endothelial cell (HLMEC) monolayer under flow conditions. A slide of a HLMEC monolayer was mounted on a parallel flow chamber connected to an open flow system from a reservoir containing fluorescent polyplexes to a syringe. A precise pump allowed their passage through the chamber under a range of shear stresses. The binding of polyethyleneimine (PEI)- and histidylated polylysine (His)-polyplexes was carried out over 30 min by time-lapse video microscopy. At 10 μg pDNA/ml in 10% serum, we found that 360 ± 80 PEI- and 250 ± 50 His-polyplexes were bound per 1000 cells at a shear stress of 0.3–1 dyn/cm2. This number dropped to not, vert, similar 100 at 2 dyn/cm2. These polyplexes exhibited differences in their interactions with the cell membrane. Concerning PEI-polyplexes, there was a shear threshold effect allowing a maximum binding at 0.06 dyn/cm2 and a higher binding reduction (77%) at 5 μg/ml pDNA in 100% serum. The polyplex binding was augmented by 300% with PEI bearing tetraglucose moiety. This set-up is potentially helpful to screen a wide array of endothelial cells ligands prior in vivo experiments.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00112894
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Submitted on : Friday, November 10, 2006 - 10:12:34 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 20, 2019 - 12:22:09 PM

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Eric Mennesson, Patrick Erbacher, Mateusz Kuzak, Claudine Kieda, Patrick Midoux, et al.. DNA/cationic polymer complex attachment on a human vascular endothelial cell monolayer exposed to a steady laminar flow. Journal of Controlled Release, Elsevier, 2006, 114 (3), pp.389-397. ⟨10.1016/j.jconrel.2006.06.006⟩. ⟨hal-00112894⟩

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