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Geometric visual illusions in microgravity during parabolic flight.

Abstract : This investigation explores whether the absence of gravitational information in a microgravity environment affects the perception of several classical visual illusions based on the arrangement of horizontal and vertical lines. Because the perception of horizontal and vertical orientation changes in microgravity, our prediction was that the strength of visual illusions based on the arrangement of horizontal and vertical lines would be altered when study participants were free-floating during parabolic flight. The frequency of appearance of reversed-T, M?r-Lyer, Ponzo, and Hering illusions substantially decreased when observers were free-floating, whereas the Z?er and the Poggendorff illusions were not affected. Because the former illusions rely more heavily on perspective cues for generating inaccurate judgments of depth and size, these results suggest an alteration in the role of linear perspective for three-dimensional vision in microgravity. They also confirm that the visual system normally relies on otolith and somatosensory information for providing accurate judgments about the size and distance of objects when presented with planar presentations of geometric figures.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00111044
Contributor : Catherine Marlot <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 3, 2006 - 10:39:35 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 9:08:47 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00111044, version 1
  • PUBMED : 16056146

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Eric Villard, Francesc Tintó Garcia-Moreno, Nicolas Peter, Gilles Clément. Geometric visual illusions in microgravity during parabolic flight.. NeuroReport, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2005, 16 (12), pp.1395-8. ⟨hal-00111044⟩

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