Progress towards in vitro quantitative imaging of human femur using compound quantitative ultrasonic tomography.

Abstract : The objective of this study is to make cross-sectional ultrasonic quantitative tomography of the diaphysis of long bones. Ultrasonic propagation in bones is affected by the severe mismatch between the acoustic properties of this biological solid and those of the surrounding soft medium, namely, the soft tissues in vivo or water in vitro. Bone imaging is then a nonlinear inverse-scattering problem. In this paper, we showed that in vitro quantitative images of sound velocities in a human femur cross section could be reconstructed by combining ultrasonic reflection tomography (URT), which provides images of the macroscopic structure of the bone, and ultrasonic transmission tomography (UTT), which provides quantitative images of the sound velocity. For the shape, we developed an image-processing tool to extract the external and internal boundaries and cortical thickness measurements. For velocity mapping, we used a wavelet analysis tool adapted to ultrasound, which allowed us to detect precisely the time of flight from the transmitted signals. A brief review of the ultrasonic tomography that we developed using correction algorithms of the wavepaths and compensation procedures are presented. Also shown are the first results of our analyses on models and specimens of long bone using our new iterative quantitative protocol.
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Phys Med Biol, undefined or unknown publisher, 2005, 50 (11), pp.2633-49. 〈10.1088/0031-9155/50/11/013〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00109663
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Soumis le : mercredi 25 octobre 2006 - 11:16:08
Dernière modification le : mardi 4 décembre 2018 - 01:23:05

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Philippe Lasaygues, Edgard Ouedraogo, Jean-Pierre Lefebvre, Marcel Gindre, Marilyne Talmant, et al.. Progress towards in vitro quantitative imaging of human femur using compound quantitative ultrasonic tomography.. Phys Med Biol, undefined or unknown publisher, 2005, 50 (11), pp.2633-49. 〈10.1088/0031-9155/50/11/013〉. 〈hal-00109663〉

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