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Genome evolution in yeasts.

Bernard Dujon 1 David Sherman 2, 3 Gilles Fischer 1 Pascal Durrens 3, 4 Serge Casaregola 5 Ingrid Lafontaine 1 Jacky de Montigny 6 Christian Marck 7 Cécile Neuvéglise 5 Emmanuel Talla 1 Nicolas Goffard 3 Lionel Frangeul 8 Michel Aigle 4 Véronique Anthouard 9 Anna Babour 5 Valérie Barbe 9 Stéphanie Barnay 5 Sylvie Blanchin 5 Jean-Marie Beckerich 5 Emmanuelle Beyne 2, 3 Claudine Bleykasten 6 Anita Boisramé 5 Jeanne Boyer 1 Laurence Cattolico 9 Fabrice Confanioleri 10 Antoine de Daruvar 3 Laurence Despons 6 Emmanuelle Fabre 1 Cécile Fairhead 1 Hélène Ferry-Dumazet 3 Alexis Groppi 3 Florence Hantraye 11 Christophe Hennequin 1 Nicolas Jauniaux 6 Philippe Joyet 5 Rym Kachouri Alix Kerrest 1 Romain Koszul 1 Marc Lemaire 12 Isabelle Lesur 2 Laurence Ma 8 Héloïse Muller 1 Jean-Marc Nicaud 5 Macha Nikolski 2 Sophie Oztas 9 Odile Ozier-Kalogeropoulos 1 Stefan Pellenz 1 Serge Potier 6 Guy-Franck Richard 1 Marie-Laure Straub 6 Audrey Suleau 5 Dominique Swennen 5 Fredj Tekaia 1 Micheline Wésolowski-Louvel 12 Eric Westhof 13 Bénédicte Wirth 6 Maria Zeniou-Meyer 6 Ivan Zivanovic 10 Monique Bolotin-Fukuhara 10 Agnès Thierry 1 Christiane Bouchier 8 Bernard Caudron 14 Claude Scarpelli 9 Claude Gaillardin 5 Jean Weissenbach 9 Patrick Wincker 9 Jean-Luc Souciet 6 
Abstract : Identifying the mechanisms of eukaryotic genome evolution by comparative genomics is often complicated by the multiplicity of events that have taken place throughout the history of individual lineages, leaving only distorted and superimposed traces in the genome of each living organism. The hemiascomycete yeasts, with their compact genomes, similar lifestyle and distinct sexual and physiological properties, provide a unique opportunity to explore such mechanisms. We present here the complete, assembled genome sequences of four yeast species, selected to represent a broad evolutionary range within a single eukaryotic phylum, that after analysis proved to be molecularly as diverse as the entire phylum of chordates. A total of approximately 24,200 novel genes were identified, the translation products of which were classified together with Saccharomyces cerevisiae proteins into about 4,700 families, forming the basis for interspecific comparisons. Analysis of chromosome maps and genome redundancies reveal that the different yeast lineages have evolved through a marked interplay between several distinct molecular mechanisms, including tandem gene repeat formation, segmental duplication, a massive genome duplication and extensive gene loss.
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Contributor : Danièle Werling Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, October 6, 2006 - 3:02:07 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 17, 2022 - 1:35:39 PM

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Bernard Dujon, David Sherman, Gilles Fischer, Pascal Durrens, Serge Casaregola, et al.. Genome evolution in yeasts.. Nature, 2004, 430 (6995), pp.35-44. ⟨10.1038/nature02579⟩. ⟨hal-00104411⟩



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